Prevailing people of the Ida Mountains.
It is understood from historical sources that many settlements have been set up in the Ida Mountains throughout history, from antique sources and historical remnants that date up to this day.
Based on ancient sources, we see that the first inhabitants of the region were the Karl’s, the Trojans, the Lelegians, the Luvians and the Ledges. According to Herodotus, the Mysians; iIhabitants of the region, are of the same lineage with the Karls and Ledges. At certain times these people lived by establishing city states connected to Troy.
The Hittites extended their borders to Western Anatolia in 1660 B.C. When they started to lose their power in 1440 B.C, many small states were founded in Western Anatolia. These states would fight against each other and the Hittites. Sometimes they would syndicate with each other or with the Hittites. This situation continued until after the fall of Troy, the Anatolian invasion of the sea tribes and the destruction of the Hittites.
Cimmerians were nomadic living warriors living in a wider area, from the Volga River to the north of the Black Sea. When in the 8th century B.C, the Cimmerians country fell into the hand of the Scythians, the Cimmerians entered Anatolia. They attacked the Phrygians and plundered the capital Gordion. The Cimmerians then headed west and occupied the city of Antandros in the foothills of the Ida Mountains, where they lived for a hundred years. In 570 B.C, Kroisos, the son of Lydian King Alyattes, put an end to the reign of the Cimmerians. The brother of King Kroisos, Adramis , established the city of Adramition in the gulf of Edremit and gave it his name.
By defeating the King of Lydia Kroisos in 546 B.C, King of Persia II. Kyros dominated whole Anatolia. At the time Persian King Xerxes went on the Athens expedition in 480 B.C, it is said his armies have been on antique roads of the Ida Mountains at a height of 1300 meters, today known as the Kapı dağı tepesi (Gate mountain peak)
When Alexander, the King of Macedonia, defeated the King of Persia III in 334 B.C, the Mysian region fell under his domination. After Alexander's death this region changed hands between his commanders. Later, Mysia reigned by the Pergamon Kingdom, changed hands to the Romans with the will of King Attalos III. In 133 B.C the Romans set up the Asian state, including Mysia.
Mysia is the scene of many battles between the Pontus King Mithridates and the Romans. When the Roman Empire was divided into two in 395 A.C, the region fell in the share of Eastern Rome (Byzantine).
In 672-678 and 717, when Istanbul is besieged by Islamic armies twice, they also enter the Mysian region. Residents of Antandros, situated in the foothills of the Ida Mountains, left their city and moved to Şahin Kale ( Hawk Castle ) located in the Sahindere Canyon. Today, the remains of the castle and the remains of the settlement are visible on the skirt of the hill.
In 1015 the Seljuk’s began to flow into Anatolia under the command of Mr.Çağrı. After the Battle of Malazgirt in 1071, Seljuk Turks began to dominate Anatolia. In 1077 Great Seljuk Sultan Melik Shah, gave the Anatolia principality to his son Süleyman Shah. In 1092 Mr.Çaka occupied the Mysia region. With the beginning of the crusade in 1099, the Turks stopped progressing in Anatolia. They even had to leave the land they entered. After a while, the crusaders who passed through Istanbul in 1204 dominated the region.
However, the Turkish invasions continued. In the thirteenth century, the region was conquered by the Turks. Many Turkmen tribes from the east came and settled in the region and Turkified. At the end of the 13th century, the Karesi Principality was established. After half a century Ottoman sovereignty came in. Turkmens living in the skirts of the Ida Mountains are said to have been brought to the Taurus Mountains for timber production to be used on ships during the conquest of Istanbul or Mytilene, by Fatih Sultan Mehmet.
B.C. In 1300, in the north-west of Anatolia, in the Troas region, known today as the Biga Peninsula, In Troy, the country of King Priamos, people lived in abundance and wealth, and social life was very developed. This abundance and richness bloated the neighbors’ appetite and gave them an excuse to make war, to attack and loot the Trojans. But they could not pass because the city walls were so robust.
Hekabe, the wife of King Priamos , was pregnant with her second child after having her son Hektordan. One day in her dream, Hekabe sees flames coming from her belly burning the whole city. She tells the dream to the king who then asks the priests. The priests say that the child to be born will cause the destruction of Troy, and therefore must be killed. The child is born, the mother can’t sacrifice her child, she names it Paris and opposes to its murder.
But she only can withstand the pressure for several months. The officers, who took the child to the Ida Mountain to be killed, are afraid to kill it and leave the child in the depth of the mountain to be killed by wild animals. A female bear find the child and saves it from death by nursing it. Late a shepherd named Agelaos finds the baby and adopts Paris. They name him Alexandros and teach him sheepherding. He becomes a bold, strong, handsome young man. Looking at his other siblings, he sees that he is different. He later will met a tree fairy named Oenone and will marries her.
In these times Gods and goddesses lived, in the sky, at the peaks of high mountains. These gods determined the fate of men. They married them, and half-god, half-human children were born. The greatest of gods and goddesses is Zeus.
On the mountain of Olympos, there was the marriage of the beautiful siren Thetis and Peleus, a mortal man. All gods and goddesses were invited to the wedding. Only the god of dispute and displeasure Eris was not invited. Eris who came to the wedding uninvited and by behaving in a manner worthy of his name, puts a golden apple on which he wrote the most beautiful on, on top of the wedding table. All the gods try to have the golden apple claiming beautiful things.
Finally, the golden apple remains in the hands of three strong goddesses: Zeus's wife Hera, the goddess of wisdom Athena, and the god of love and beauty Aphrodite. They give the golden apple to the chief god Zeus for him to give it to the most beautiful goddess. Zeus does not want to upset the goddesses. He says that he does not understand such things, but he who is a shepherd in the Ida Mountains; the actual son of the king, Paris can do it. The goddesses find Paris grazing his herds in the Mountain of Ida. They give him the golden apple and ask him to give it to the most beautiful goddess. Paris, who is surprised to see three beautiful goddesses in front of him, stops. Hera, who thinks Paris stopped due to incertitude, says she will give him the Asian kingdom if he gives her the golden apple. Athena says she will give him eternal wisdom and success. Aphrodite says she will give him the love of Spartan Helena, known as the most beautiful woman in the world. Paris gives the apple to Aphrodite. The other goddesses get very angry at Paris and develop a grudge.
Paris will not forget this incident. Spartan Helena is always on his mind. He cannot stand the wait any longer; he leaves his wife Oenone and Ida Mountain and goes to Troy. Meanwhile, there are competitions in the city. Paris participates and wins. He is summoned to be rewarded by Trojan king Priamos where he is recognized by his sibyl sister Kasandra. King Priamos sends his son to Sparta as his ambassador to settle the dispute with Sparta.
Paris becomes a guest to King Menelaos and his beautiful wife Helena. King Manelaos' grandfather King of Crete Katreus dies, he leaves his wife with their guest and goes to Crete for the funeral. With Aphrodite's efforts, Helena falls in love with Paris. Helena flies to Troy with Paris. King Agamemnon, the brother of King Menelaos, who was waiting for an opportunity to attack Troy, found it. He builds an army of 1000 ships from Achean and his followers, and comes to the front of Troy. The war lasts ten years. Hera and Athena are against Paris and Troy because they did not give them the golden apple. Aphrodite is in favor of Troy. From the marriage of Tetis with the mortal Peleust, Achilles, the greatest warrior of the Achean, is born. Achilles kills Hector, the hero of the Trojans and Paris's brother. His body is invulnerable except for his heels because when he was born, his mother dug him into sacred water by holding his heels. Paris killed Achilles by shooting in his heel. Paris was shot in the groin. He calls Oenone for help but she ignores him. Paris dies. Oenone who comes to regret not answering to her husband ran to help but was too late. She cannot stand the death of Paris and commits suicide.
Odysseus, from the famous Kings of the Akha, built a wooden horse of fir from the Ida Mountain. He places troops and himself in the horse. The Achean army packed up and moved. Trojans are delighted that the war is over and organize a festival. The wooden horse is believed to be made for the goddess Athena and sacred. For this reason they take the wooden horse into the city walls. The Trojans drink wine until late and have fun. They get tired and fall into a deep sleep. The Akha soldiers who are waiting in the wooden horse leave their places and open the city's gates to returning soldiers. They burn the city completely and take their beautiful Helena back to their country.
The prince Ankhises who is descendant of Trojan king, the son of the goddess Aphrodite, Aeneas, who survived the war with the help of his mother, together with the Trojans, take refuge on Eagle grass Plateau located on the skirts of the Gargaros hill, the highest peak of the Ida Mountain. They form a circular stone wall around them. (This wall is still standing at the summit of the Ida and is known as the goose yard.) Here the god remains in Zeusun protection for a few years. Then With the ships they have built using the timber of the Ida Mountain of the shipyard of the city of Antandros near todays Altinoluk they settled in Italy where they built Roma and its empire.
The Legend of Sarıkız
While living with her family in a village of Ayvacik in the province of Çanakkale, her mother died at a young age. Her father told Sarıkız: "You know, I loved your mother so much, there's a lot to remember, it's hard to forget your mother.” “Let’s migrate “he says and they settled in the village of Kavurmacılar near the village of Güre in the foothills of the Ida Mountain.
They ensured their livelihood by herding and were very popular in the village. Elderly and young people of the village consulted Sarıkız’s father for advice. Years go by, Sarıkız grows up to be a beautiful girl and her father ages too. On his mind there is always the idea of going to the hajj. In prayer he always prays to god to be able to go to Hajj. Sarıkız encourages her father to fulfill his desire. She tells him that she can look after herself now that she has grown up, and that he should go to Hajj without further aging. Her father entrusts her daughter to his neighbor, and goes to the pilgrimage. At that time, the pilgrimage was not like it is now, they went on foot and it lasted for 6months or more. After her father left for Hajj, the young men of the village would seek for the attention of Sarıkız. But when her father returned no one would look at her nor talk to her.
When her father asked the neighbor, he was informed his daughter Sarıkız had fallen into a bad way. In order to live in the village, it was necessary to clean up their honor but he could not bear kill his beloved daughter. Together with some geese he took his daughter to the peak of the Ida Mountain where he left them. He thought they would be bait for the wild animals. Several years passed. When the passengers from Bayramic lost their way on the mountain, they said a little blond girl would help them on the right path. One day the geese descended to the Bayramic plains and damaged the crops of the farmers, as all farmers blamed Sarıkız . She then filled her skirt with stones and built a courtyard on the mountain. It is said the geese never came back down. The remains of the yards wall, known as the goose courtyard, can still be seen today.
The father who heard the story in the village immediately takes the path to the mountain and finds his daughter on the hill called Sarıkız hill today. Sarıkız is happy to see her father. Her father wants to take ablution to pray. Sarıkız pours water in the hands of her father for him to take his ablution. The water is salty! She accidently took sea water. She refills her sack with water and pours it. When her father tastes the water he sees his daughter dissolves. At the same time a dark cloud appears above the mountain and Sarıkız disappears. The father thinks his daughter disappeared because his secret came out.
Today, there is no one living in the village of Kavurmacılar, and it has been deleted from the register.
Sarıkız's father wandered through the hills with sorrow and died in a place called Baba hill today. The local people made graves for Sarıkız and her father by placing flat stones on the places they disappeared. Every year in August local people come to the city to commemorate Sarıkız and her father.
The legend of Hasan Boguldu
The Edremit bazaar was set up centuries ago on Wednesdays, as it is still now.Surrounding villagers would bring their products, sell them, and return to their village.
The father of the handsome young man of Zeytinli village, Hasan, died and by continuing his father's occupation: gardening, he would feed his mother and himself. He would take the vegetables and fruits he had grown to the Edremit market, sell them, and returned to the village. One day he saw a girl in the crowd of the market, she was a beautiful, attractive girl, and he followed her with his eyes for a long time. She seemed to be a nomad according to the clothes she wore and was trying to sell something from the bag on her back. He lost sight of her, but she stayed on his mind and he started daydreaming about her. Suddenly, he realized he was being called, and when he lifted his head he saw the beautiful girl standing in front of him. He was shocked and puzzled with amazement.
The girl who looked at him begun to smile and became even more beautiful. Hasan chose the best of what she wanted and gave it to her. He asked her who she was and He learned her name was Emine and she lived in the nomad camp above Zeytinli. She had also noticed Hasan. Each Wednesday Emine brought Hasan the best of cheese, soda, yoghurt, honey, and Hasan, gave her the best vegetables. They would return together from the market to Zeytinli, and after Zeytinli Emine would walk three more hours to reach the camp.
Emine and Hasan loved each other and decided to marry. Hasan's mother was delighted to come home to a comrade. Emine's family, however, opposed to the idea while they wanted her to find a suitable young man in the nomad camp. When Emine insisted, her family told them they would accept Hassan as a groom if he would show them his valor by bringing up to forty kilos (sixty pounds) of salt on his back to the camp. Emine immediately tells Hasan. Having realized that there is nothing else to do, Hasan takes the salt sack on his back and gets on the road to get to his love. Hasan was not accustomed to this kind of load and tired very quickly. When they reached the current Sutüven waterfall, where the road went through a creek and where he had to jump over stones, the salt began to burn his back and he got very tired, but he was only half way.
On arrival at Gökbüvete Hasan, who is out of power, falls down? Emine, tried to encourage Hasan by telling him of the beautiful future days together, but Hasan cannot get up. Emine offers to escape from this place, and to go live elsewhere. Emine promised her family, how could she bring someone who could not carry the trunk with salt with ease to the camp? He does not care about Hasan’s begging, takes the sack of salt and gets on her way to the camp. Hasan begs her not to leave him behind but she goes. On arrival at the camp she regrets what she has done and wants to go back. However it storms and rains heavily. Her family does not let her go through the woods in this weather and tell her to go in the morning. For Emine the morning takes an eternity to come.
With the first lights, she runs to Gökbüvete , but Hasan is not there. She runs to his mother in Zeytinli , to Erdemit, but he is nowhere to be found. She does not quit and keeps on searching. Days later she finds Hasan's shirt in Gökbüvete. As if saying “I am coming to meet you Hasan” she hangs herself on a plane tree in Gökbüvete. From that day on the Gökbüvete is named Hasan Boğuldu and the plane tree looking over Gökbüvete Emine Çınar.